Information for Parents
What is Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes results from the body not producing insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, individuals can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.
Type 2 diabetes results from your body not producing enough insulin or your body not using the insulin properly. Type 2 diabetes develops in adults and more recently has been found in children. You may have diabetes and not know it, as often there are no symptoms.
Scientists have identified several other diabetes subtypes beyond types 1 and 2. The most common of these is called latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA). It accounts for 10% of people with diabetes, making it probably more widespread than type 1. LADA can be classified as a more slowly progressing variation of type 1 diabetes, yet it is often misdiagnosed as type 2. As of now, there is still a lot of uncertainty over how exactly to define LADA, how it develops, and how important it is for patients to know if they have it.
You may be at risk for diabetes Type 2 if you:
- Had diabetes during pregnancy or your baby weighed more than 9 pounds Your brother, sister, mother or father have diabetes
- Are overweight
- Have high blood pressure
- Have high cholesterol
- Get little to no physical activity
- Are over the age of 65
- Are African-American, Latino, Native American, Asian American or Pacific Islander
Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can be controlled so you can live a long and productive life.
Do you have children that are considered obese?
Here are fact sheets on BMI and health tips for both boys and girls.
- Health Eating and Active Living for Boys
English | Spanish
- Healthy Eating and Active Living for Girls
English | Spanish
Do you have school-age children diagnosed with diabetes?
The following form is to ensure the safety of students with diabetes. It will aid the school nurse/personnel in developing the students' Diabetes Management Plan and to meet the requirements of the California Education Code. This form will ensure that school staff has all necessary tools to manage a child's diabetes in the school setting.
Diabetes Care in California Public Schools
Public school students with diabetes who cannot self-administer insulin are entitled under federal law to have it administered to them during the school day by a medical personnel. On August 12, 2013, the state of California passed a law that allows non-medical school staff to administer insulin when approved by the student's parents and treating physician. These individuals will be trained to help children with the insulin they need to survive and thrive at school. Children will no longer be placed in situations that engender their health, safety, and access to educational opportunities. They will be able to receive insulin any time they need it, even if a nurse isn't there. Read more
When Should I Send My Child to School?
When students miss too many days of school, they fall behind and struggle to keep up with their classmates. Whether the days missed are due to illness, truancy or for any other reason, the end result for the student is the same — learning time is lost. Children and adolescents will get sick at times and may need to stay at home, let’s work together to help minimize the number of days your student misses school.
The following fact sheet was developed by the Office of the District Attorney – Alameda County, Alameda County Public Health Department, Interagency Children’s Policy Council, and the Alameda County Health Care Services Agency – Center for Healthy Schools and Community. The suggestions are for children 5 to 18 years of age. Please check with your local school district on individual school policies. Click here for fact sheet.