Preconception Counseling & Prevention of Sexual Transmission

Updated: 8/11/17

Preconception Counseling

  • In the context of Zika virus transmission, it is important for women and their partners to plan their pregnancies. Healthcare providers should discuss reproductive plans, including timing of pregnancy with women of reproductive age.
  • For non-pregnant women who want to conceive in the near future and who have an ongoing risk of Zika virus exposure (due to living in or frequent travel to a Zika endemic area) consider preconception IgM testing to establish a baseline Zika virus IgM result as part of preconception counseling. Learn more by reading this guidance from CDPH

Prevention of Sexual Transmission

  • Zika Virus can be sexually transmitted from a person who has Zika to his or her sex partners, even while they are asymptomatic. Sexual exposure includes vaginal, anal, or oral sex, and the sharing of sex toys. It is unknown exactly how long the Zika Virus can stay in genital fluids, but current research suggest Zika can remain in semen longer than other body fluids. Prevent sexual transmission by using barrier methods (i.e. male/female condoms), not having sex, or not sharing sex toys.
    • If female partner traveled: Use barrier methods or do not have sex for at least 8 weeks after travel or from start of symptoms.
    • If male partner traveled: Use barrier methods or do not have sex for at least 6 months after travel or from start of symptoms.
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